Facts About Duchenne & Becker Muscular Dystrophies (DMD and BMD)

Updated April 2010
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On the cover:
Both Andrew Soto, shown here with Freckles, and his older brother Julian, have received diagnoses of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. They live in Tucson, Ariz., with their parents, Lupe and Tim.

Dear Friends

What are Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophies?

What causes Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies?

What happens to the voluntary muscles of someone with DMD or BMD?

What tests are used to diagnose DMD and BMD?

What can be done to treat DMD or BMD?

In what other ways do DMD and BMD affect the body?

Can special diets or exercises help in DMD and BMD?

How do families and children adjust to DMD or BMD?

The Muscle-Fiber Membrane

Does it Run in the Family?

MDA's Search for Treatments & Cures

MDA is Here to Help You

Dear Friends:

Norton Family

Michael Norton (foreground) with brother, John, and parents, Suzan and Terry.

When my husband, Terry, and I learned that our son Mike, then age 4, has Duchenne muscular dystrophy, we were devastated. Immediately, our hopes and dreams for Mike — playing sports, graduating high school, having girlfriends — all changed.

I spent the next six months in chronic sorrow, but one day I woke up and knew we would be OK. We became involved with MDA and with other parents of children with DMD. Since then we’ve learned a great deal, much of it very hopeful. We’ve found inner peace with the challenges facing us, and enjoy a full, rewarding family life.

It’s easy to become overwhelmed by your child’s diagnosis. But Terry and I assure you that you can cope with the emotional and physical tasks that lie ahead, if you take small steps, prioritize and listen to the needs of your family.

You may find others trying to set limits for your child. When Mike’s pediatrician asked about his participation in sports and my reply was negative, she asked why he didn’t play. Unknowingly, I had set limits on my son! Had it not been for that doctor, we would not have witnessed Mike’s love of baseball, which he played for three years.

We’ve been greatly helped by the information we’ve received from MDA and other families. This MDA booklet presents an introduction to Duchenne and Becker dystrophies, designed to help you meet your child’s needs today and understand some of the changes to come.

From this booklet you’ll learn several encouraging things about muscular dystrophy: that your child’s diagnosis is not your “fault”… that Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies progress over many years, giving your family time to adjust to changes…and that better treatments are constantly being developed for every aspect of the disease.

Society today is far more open to people with disabilities, and the law entitles your child to a full and inclusive education, employment opportunities and access to public places. Plus, there’s a whole world of technological devices to help your child do schoolwork, play and work.

Surround yourself with inspirational and positive people. Let your love for your child give you strength. Never give up your hopes and dreams. My son has graduated from high school, has a girlfriend and is accepted by his peers. He’s comfortable in his own skin. He’s taught me more than I’ve taught him.

Through MDA, you’ll build a network of support. MDA’s very thorough manual, Journey of Love: A Parent’s Guide to Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, will help you for many years, and the quarterly magazine Quest is a great resource for living with muscular dystrophy. At your local MDA clinic, expert doctors and health professionals will answer questions and make referrals to other specialists. At your MDA support group, you’ll make friends and find understanding. And at MDA summer camp, your child will find a place to be independent, grow emotionally and have the time of his life.

Life is about acceptance. After you get past your initial fear and devastation, you’ll find that life still holds many joys for your family.

As you face the coming years, remember MDA and all its resources are there to help. May you have all the strength, hope and support you need. You are not alone.

Suzan Norton

Suzan Norton
Standish, Maine

Facts About Duchenne & Becker Muscular Dystrophies (DMD and BMD)

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